開發者從實際的運營角度談塑造遊戲角色的7大技巧

原文作者:Herbert Llanas  譯者:Megan Shieh

角色的塑造在電子遊戲中起到了至關重要的作用。他們可以推動劇情的發展,同時增強玩家的浸入感。那麼,我們該怎麼做才能夠創造出一個令人信服的遊戲角色呢?

雖然看起來好像很複雜,但實際上這個過程可以非常地簡單。以下7條建議能夠讓你在不知不覺中創造出一個既迷人又獨特的遊戲角色。

The Witcher 2(from icili)

The Witcher 2(from icili)

1.TA的任務是什麼?

不同的遊戲角色會有不同的任務,他們相互合作,攜手編織出開發者意圖講述的故事。每個角色的任務都必須棱角分明,否則TA的存在就沒有意義。

如果已經有一個寫好的、完整的故事,那麼你的工作就會很輕鬆;反之,如果遊戲中的故事還不完整,那麼你的工作就不會這麼容易了,因此你需要開始設法創造出一個能夠與整個故事相輔相成的角色。

2. 選擇一個性別

角色的性別取決於遊戲的類型以及故事的需求。如果遊戲是基於一個已經寫好的劇本,而且所有的角色都已經創建好了,那麼從根本上來說,你只需要遵照劇本的指示就可以了。

然而如果你是從零開始來書寫一個故事,那麼就必須考慮到男性或女性角色在故事中的作用。值得思考的是,幾乎所有的遊戲裏都至少有一位女性角色。

3. 塑造角色的性格

平淡無奇的性格遠遠比不上個性鮮明的性格。後者會激勵玩家獨立思考,並與之產生共鳴。你可以給遊戲角色注入各種各樣的性格特質,TA可以是好鬥的、安靜的、反思性的、憂鬱的、善良的,等等等等。

記住,角色的個性必須要與故事設定相符,否則整個劇情將會面臨雜亂無章的風險。作爲設計師,你可以創造出一些緊張時刻,然後藉機展現每個角色的作用、性格特徵,等等。這樣的話,玩家就不會對遊戲感到厭煩。

4. 優缺點/優勢和弱點

遊戲角色的優勢和弱點與TA的心理特徵密切相關。例如,如果TA是一個性格敏感的人,那麼這恰恰就是TA的弱點,因爲TA很容易在感情上受到的傷害。許多開發者錯誤地認爲沒有性格缺陷的角色纔是最好的。但事實並非如此,因爲弱點越多,TA就越吸引人。

如果這是一款扣人心絃的遊戲,需要設計出許多意料之外的局面,那麼一位弱點多過優勢,或弱點和優勢一樣多的角色就能給整個故事情節帶來一個全新的維度,因爲TA會經常遇到麻煩。越是聰明的角色就越顯得無趣,因爲TA的人設已經被聰明填滿了,根本就沒有犯傻的空間。如果遊戲角色有些笨手笨腳的話,玩家們可能還會覺得很搞笑。

但話又說回來,這始終取決於你自己的想法和具體的遊戲情節。仔細研究一下角色的背景,然後TA的優勢和弱點就會自己慢慢浮現出來了。

5. 建立關係

除非TA的人設是“獨來獨往”,否則就不得不與遊戲中的其餘角色交互。遊戲中的關係,就像現實生活中的關係一樣,可以是有益的,也可以是有害的。“其餘角色會喜愛TA,還是厭惡TA?TA是不是遊戲中的主要角色?”你需要找到這些問題的答案。

6. 首要角色還是次要角色?

遊戲角色既可以主導劇情也可以襯托其他角色。如果這是一款RPG,那麼這一步驟絕對是至關重要的;但如果這是一款第一人稱射擊遊戲(FPS),相對來說它就沒那麼重要了。總而言之,賦予每個角色不同的目標以及達到目標的手段。

7. 將主要角色用作核心支柱

如果這是你爲這一款遊戲創造的第一個角色,那麼你將會需要創造出另外的幾個角色。最爲簡單的方法就是先創造出遊戲中的主要角色,然後再創造出塑造和完善其個性的其餘角色。

聽起來好像很複雜,但實際操作起來並沒有那麼困難,所以你不用太過擔心。如果你有能力創造出第一個角色,那麼就肯定能夠繼續創造出更多的角色。

結論

還記得《最終幻想 XV》裏的Noctic Lucis Caelum嗎?他估計是有史以來最優秀的遊戲角色之一,設計師們在這方面投入了大量的精力。他的深度、魅力和風度使得他深受玩家的喜愛。通過適當的鍛鍊,你一定也能夠創造出一個像他這樣的角色。

在塑造角色的過程中,最大的禁忌就是抄襲現有角色。首先,這是不道德的。其次,電子遊戲愛好者一眼就能看穿你的小伎倆。第三,你不會從中學到任何東西。“原創性”是角色塑造的關鍵要素之一。你需要利用自有的資源,自己獨立創作。

我們真心希望上述內容可以幫助到你。

本文由遊戲邦編譯,轉載請註明來源,或諮詢微信zhengjintiao

Characters are crucial in a videogame. They drag the plot forwards and infuse it with a sense. There are fantastic games with a minimal number of characters – Dear Esther and The Vanishing of Ethan Carter, for instance, but roleplaying games require a multitude of them. If you’re at the start line of your career in videogame design, you are probably wondering how to create a compelling character. Your task is no less important than that of a writer, in this case.

Even though it looks awfully complicated, the process can actually be pretty simple. Use the following 7 advices and you’ll be able to come up with a gorgeous, unique character before you know it.

1. Assess What the Role of the Character will Be

Different characters have different roles and together they weave the story the game aims at recounting. You cannot build a character that won’t serve a clean-cut role in the videogame, because it would be useless filler.

If the story is already done, your job got a lot easier, but if it’s not, you should not take it for granted. See how it turns out and start working on a character that complements the overall story.

2. Pick a Gender

The gender of your character really depends on what type of game it will be in, as well as on what the story requires. If the game is based on a script and all character are created, at least on paper, you only have to follow the guidelines there.

If you’re creating the story from square one, however, you’ll have to think of what purpose a male or female character will serve in it. There is seldom a video game without at least a female character. Some food for thought.

3. Start Building up the Personality of the Character

A bland character is nowhere near as successful and likeable as one that has a powerful personality. The latter will make players think for themselves and also identify with them. There is a virtually endless array of personality traits you can infuse your character with. He/she can be aggressive, peaceful, reflective, morose kind etc… – whatever you want.

Keep in mind that the personality of your character must go with the story, not against the grain, because you risk rendering the entire plot unintelligible. Play the psychologist and come up with some moments of tension where each of your characters will show what it has been made of. This way, the game won’t be a tedious bore.

4. Pros and Cons/ Strong Points and Weaknesses

These go hand in hand with the psychological traits of the character. If he/she is tender, for example, his/her weakness is precisely that, because the character will be prone to being hurt emotionally by others.  Many game developers make the mistake of thinking that an unflawed character is the best. That’s wrong, because the more weaknesses it will have, the more fascinating it will be.

If the game is neck-break action and requires a lot of unpredictable situations, a character that has more flaws than strong points, or an equal number, will be able to give the entire plot a new dimension, because he/she will get into trouble more often than not. Super-intelligent characters are often as insipid as they are intelligent, because they leave no room for clumsiness, which can be hilarious in a game. But then again, it’s up to you and the plot of the game you’re working on. Think of the character’s background, and the strong points and weaknesses will kind of start to reveal to you on their own.

5. Build Relationships

Unless the character is set to be a loner, it will need to be in contact with all the other characters in the game. Relationships in the game, just like in real life, can be either beneficial or damaging. Will he/she be liked by the other characters or loathed? Will he/she be a catalyst for the future of the rest of the “cast”? These are some of the questions you will need to provide answers to.

6. Leading or Support Character?

A character can lead the plot or support the rest of the characters. This’ll be very important to the overall story, so make sure you don’t skip this step. If the game is an RPG, this aspect right here is absolutely crucial. If it’s a FPS, not so much. Just don’t make all characters too similar to each other. Endow them with different objectives and means to attain them.

7. Expand the Character into Satellite-Characters

If this is the very first character you’ve developed for the game, you’ll need a couple of other ones. The easiest way to do this is finish your main character then create characters that mold on and complement its personality, until you’ve gone full circle.

This sounds a little more difficult than it really is, so don’t lose too much sleep over it. If you’ve created a character, rest assured you’ll be able to create more.·

Concluding Remarks

Do you remember Noctic Lucis Caelum of Final Fantasy XV? He’s probably one of the best characters ever created. As you might expect, a lot of effort was poured into it by the designers. He’s got depth, charisma and mannerisms that make him compelling. With exercise, you will be able to create a character like him with little to no hassle. One thing you should never ever do is rip off existing characters.

First of all, it’s unethical. Second of all, videogame enthusiasts will be able to see through it quicker than you think and third of all, you won’t be learning a thing on your own. Originality is one of the key-elements in good character design. It doesn’t matter how long it takes you to build that character if you do it all on your own, with your own resources. (gamasutra.com